Since ancient times, many religions and beliefs have used “holy water” for healing and other spiritual practices. The use of holy water for baptism and spiritual cleansing is still common among a variety of religions, from Christianity to Sikhism and Hinduism.

Many Muslims believe that the water of the Zamzam Well is divinely blessed, able to satisfy both hunger and thirst, as well as cure illness. Pilgrims make efforts to drink this water during their pilgrimage and those living nearby might drink the water more regularly. The 30-meter deep well is located in a basement room at the Holy Mosque at about 20-meter east of the Ka’ba (cuboid) in Makkah, protected by glass panels that allow a clear view of the well.

Muslims believe that the Well of Zamzam was revealed to Hagar, the mother of Ibrahim-Abraham in English-son Ismail. As she desperately sought water for her infant son, Muslim tradition says that Hagar ran seven times back and forth in the scorching heat between the two hills of Safa and Marwah. God then sent the angel Gabriel, who scraped the ground, causing the spring to appear. On finding the spring, Hagar confined the pool of water with sand and stones. Other versions of the story say Ismail scraped the ground with his heel and the Zamzam appeared.

The name Zamzam originates from the phrase Zomë Zomë, meaning ‘stop flowing’, a command repeated by Hajar during her attempt to contain the spring water. The area around the spring, which was later converted to a well, became a resting place for caravans, and eventually grew into the trading city of Makkah, birthplace of Prophet Muhammad. According to Arab historians, Zamzam Well, except for a few periods when it became dry or was buried under sand, has been in use for around 4000 years.

(Source: Shomar, 2012)