The Zamzam well is located 20 meters from the Kaaba in Mecca, it is known as the oldest well in the world. It’s around 5000 years old, since it streamed under the feet of Ismail, peace be upon him, and his mother Hajar, the Prophet Ibrahim’s wife. The Zamzam well has pushed the boundary in contining to stream until this day, even though studies have shown that wells only live for 70 years with streaming water.
The well pumps water with maximum rates of 18.5 liters per second, and a minimum of 11 liters per second. It is 30 meters deep and still quenches the pilgrims since the Prophet Ibrahim called people to perform Hajj.
The story of this well started once Allah ordered his Prophet Ibrahim to leave his wife Hajar and her son Ismail at an ‘uncultivated valley’, another name for Mecca. After Ismail’s food and water ran out, his mother started running back and forth from Safa to Almarwah searching for water. At that point Gabriel, Peace be Upon Him, pumped the water from under the child, Hajar immediately drank the water and fed her son.
Prophet Mohammed (s.a.a.w) said: ‘May Allah bestow mercy on Ismail’s mother! Had she left the Zamzam flow without trying to control it, Zamzam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth’.
Before the era of the Prophet Mohammed’s Grandfather, Abdulmuttalib and after many years have passed, the Zamzam flow was blocked. Abdulmuttalib received a vision to re-dig the well, and so he located the well and dug it for it to start pumping again and feed the pilgrims. This became the process carried out by Abdulmuttalib’s family and his son Alabbas bin Abdulmuttalib inherited this responsibility after him.